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There are three processes by which blood sugar level is maintained in human body-
1. Production
2. Utilization
3. Conversion

1. Production What we eat mainly Carbohydrates & Sugars all are converted into Glucose by the Liver.
2. Utilization This produced glucose goes for various purposes through cellular uptake to peripheral tissues.
3. Conversion Insulin (a hormone, secreted through pancreas) helps for cellular uptake as well as for its conversion to other components like triglycerides, nucleic acid & others important for protein synthesis.
In a healthy person, all these processes occurs normally,& blood sugar level returns to normal within 1 hour of diet intake, but when these processes are disturbed the level of sugar in blood is also affected. If it continues for a long period Diabetes Originates.